现在进行时的直接引语改成间接引语,应该怎么操作呢?

日期:2020-10-23 16:40:24 作者:canyong 浏览: 查看评论 加入收藏

今天给大家分享的知识就是现在进行时的直接引语改成间接引语,怎样调整最好呢?答案在下面,有兴趣的可以看看。
 

所谓直接引语,就是直接引述别人的话,不加任何改变,一般放在引号里。如:He said, “I will learn English.”
 

所谓间接引语,就是转述别人的话,此时需要改变一些内容,比如主语、时态、地点等。如:He said that he would learn English.
 

一、直接引语变间接引语时,句式变化方法如下:
 

1. 陈述句

直接引语:She said, “I will study English.”

间接引语:She said that she would study English.

既然转述别人的话,就不能再用人家的原话了,所以I就变成了she。前面是said过去式,will也就变成过去时的would。
 

2. 一般疑问句

直接引语:She asked me, “Can you speak English?”

间接引语:She asked me whether I could speak English.

如果别人的原话是一般疑问句,变成间接引语时记得要加上whether,然后倒装变为陈述语序。
 

3. 特殊疑问句

直接引语:She asked me, “When can you do that?”

间接引语:She asked me when I could do that.

如果别人的原话是特殊疑问句,变成间接引语时不用加词,但要把倒装语序变成陈述语序。
 

4. 祈使句

直接引语:She said to the children, “Don’t play outside.”

间接引语:She told the children not to play outside.

如果别人的原话是祈使句,don't 要变成not to,后面正常。
 

二、其它变化
 

1. 指示代词

 

2. 动词变化

He said, “I will go there.”

He said that he would come here.
 

3. 地点状语

He said, “I will go there.”

He said that he would come here.
 

4. 时间状语

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